Cody T. Ross
Curriculum Vitæ
Department of Human Behavior, Ecology and Culture
Deutscher Platz 6 Leipzig, Germany 04103
cody_ross@eva.mpg.de
www.codytross.com
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Education
2014 PhD, Anthropology, University of California, Davis.
Specialization in Bayesian Data Analysis and Mathematical Modeling
2010–2013 Master of Arts, Anthropology, University of California, Davis.
Specialization in Human Behavioral Ecology and Molecular Anthropology
2008–2010 Master of Arts, Anthropology, California State University, Fullerton.
Specialization in Applied Anthropology, Conservation, and Land-Use Management
2005–2008 Bachelor of Arts, Anthropology, California State University, Fullerton.
Expertise
Mathematical Methods in Evolution and Ecology, Bayesian Statistics, Human Behavioral Ecology,
Applied Anthropology, Colombia
Publications
[21] Ross, C.T.
(2016). Sliding-scale environmental service payments and non-financial
incentives: Results of a survey of landowner interest in Costa Rica. Ecological Economics
130, 252-262.
[20]
Richerson, P., Baldini, R., Bell A., Demps, K., Frost, K., Hillis, V., Mathew, S., Naar,
N., Newson, L., Newton, E.,
Ross, C.T.
, Smaldino, P., Waring, T., and Zimmerman, M.
(2016). Cultural group selection follows Darwin’s classic syllogism for the operation of
selection [Author’s Reply]. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 39, e58-81.
[19]
Richerson, P., Baldini, R., Bell A., Demps, K., Frost, K., Hillis, V., Mathew, S., Naar,
N., Newson, L., Newton, E.,
Ross, C.T.
, Smaldino, P., Waring, T., and Zimmerman, M.
(2016). Cultural group selection plays an essential role in explaining human cooperation:
A sketch of the evidence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 39, e30-49.
[18] Ross, C.T.
, Strimling, P., Ericksen, K., Lindenfors, P., and Borgerhoff Mulder, M. (2016).
The origins and maintenance of female genital modification across Africa: Bayesian
phylogenetic modeling of cultural evolution under the influence of selection. Human
Nature. 27 (2), 173-200.
[17] Ross, C.T.
, Borgerhoff Mulder, M., Winterhalder, B., Uehara, R., Headland, J., and
Headland, T. (2016). Evidence for quantity-quality trade-offs, sex-specific parental
investment, and variance compensation in colonized Agta foragers undergoing demographic
transition. Evolution and Human Behavior. 37 (5), 350-365.
1/7
[16] Ross, C.T.
(2015). Identifying the drivers of the exceptionally high rates of lethal and
racially-biased violence by police in the United States requires geographically-resolved
data and analysis. Sociological Forum. 31 (1), 231-232.
[15] Ross, C.T.
(2015). A multi-level Bayesian analysis of racial bias in police shootings at
the county-level in the United States, 2011-2014. PLOS One. 10 (11), e0141854.
[14]
Roodgar, M.,
Ross, C.T.
, Tarara, R., Lowenstine, L., Dandekar, S., and Smith, D.G.
(2015). Gene expression and TB pathogenesis in rhesus macaques: NR2C2(TR4), CD40,
CD40L, Fas (CD95), FASL (CD95L), IL7, NRAMP, and TNF are host genetic markers
in peripheral blood mononuclear cells that are associated with severity of TB lesions.
Infection, Genetics, and Evolution. 36, 396-409.
[13] Ross, C.T.
, and Winterhalder, B. (2015). Sit-and-wait versus active search hunting: A
behavioral ecological model of hunting strategies. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 378,
76-87.
[12]
Winterhalder, B., Puleston, C., and
Ross, C.T.
(2015). Production risk, inter-annual
food storage by households, and population-level consequences in prehistoric agrarian
societies. Environmental Archaeology: The Journal of Human Palaeoecology. 20 (4),
337-348.
[11] Ross, C.T.
, and Winterhalder, B. (2015). A hierarchical Bayesian analysis of parasite
prevalence and socio-cultural outcomes: The mediating role of structural racism and
sanitation infrastructure. American Journal of Human Biology. 28 (1), 74-89.
[10] Ross, C.T.
, Joyas Campiño, P., and Winterhalder, B. (2015). Frequency-dependent
social transmission and the interethnic transfer of female genital modification in the
African diaspora and Indigenous populations of Colombia. Human Nature. 26 (4),
351-377.
[9]
Roodgar, M.,
Ross, C.T.
, Kenyon, N., Marcelino, G., and Smith, D.G. (2015).
iN OS
regulatory region variation in non-human primates. Infection, Genetics, and Evolution.
31, 236-244.
[8] Ross, C.T.
, Roodgar, M., and Smith, D.G. (2015). Evolutionary distance of amino acid
sequence orthologs across macaque subspecies: Candidate genes for SIV resistance in
Chinese rhesus macaques. PLOS One 10 (4), e0123624.
[7] Ross, C.T
, and Richerson, P.J. (2014). New frontiers in the study of human cultural
and genetic evolution. Current Opinion in Genetics & Development 29. 103-109.
[6] Ross, C.T.
, Weise, J.A., Bonnar, S., Nolin, D., Satkoski Trask, J., Smith, D.G., Smith,
D.G., Ferguson, B., Ha, J., Kubisch, H.M., Vinson, A., and Kanthaswamy, S. (2014). An
empirical comparison of short tandem repeats (STRs) and single nucleotide polymor-
phisms (SNPs) for relatedness estimation in Chinese rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
American Journal of Primatology. 76 (4), 313-324.
[5] Ross, C.T.
, Richerson, P.J., and Rogers, D. (2013). Mechanisms of cultural change
and the transition to sustainability. In Global Environmental Change: The Handbook of
Global Environmental Pollution. Springer. Edited by Bill Freedman.
[4]
Kanthaswamy, S., Ng, J.,
Ross, C.T.
, Trask, J.S., Smith, D.G., Buffalo, V.S., Fass, J.N.,
and Lin, D. (2013). Identifying human-rhesus macaque gene orthologs using heterospecific
SNP probes. Genomics. 101(1), 30-37.
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[3]
Kanthaswamy, S., Trask, J.S.,
Ross, C.T.
, Kou, A., Houghton, P., Smith, D.G., and
Lerche, N. (2012). A large-scale SNP-based genomic admixture analysis of the captive
rhesus macaque colony at the California National Primate Research Center. American
Journal of Primatology, 74(8), 747-757.
[2] Ross, C.T.
(2014). Bayesian methods in applied anthropology and human behavioral
ecology. PhD Dissertation, University of California, Davis. ISBN 9781321363838.
[1] Ross, C.T.
(2010). Pura vida in a land of chemicals and pasture: An anthropological
exploration of the Pagos por Servicios Ambientales program, linking conservation, hu-
man needs, and sustainable land-use in Costa Rica. MA Dissertation, California State
University, Fullerton. Dissertations & Theses: A&I. (Publication No. AAT 1486164).
Working Papers, or Papers in Preparation (PDFs Available Upon Request)
[IP1] Ross, C.T.
and Beheim, B. The cultural evolution of Chess strategy. Completed Draft.
[IP2]
Oh, S.Y., Bowles, S., Borgerhoff Mulder, M., and
Ross, C.T.
. The decline of polygyny:
An interpretation. Completed Draft.
[IP3] Ross, C.T.
, and Frost, K. Rethinking the presentation of data in the CDC-NCHHSTP
HIV/STD Atlas: Multi-level Bayesian models can improve inference on STD prevalence
and better ensure the anonymity of individual-level data. Completed Draft.
[IP4]
Blackwell, A., and
Ross, C.T.
Modeling the ecological and demographic conditions
underlying martyrdom: A mathematical model of perceived inclusive fitness outcomes
via self-sacrifice. Completed Draft.
[IP5]
Hooper, P.,
Ross, C.T.
, Gavrilets, S., Borgerhoff Mulder, M., and Data Contributors.
Low male reproductive skew in humans compared to non-human mammals. Completed
Draft.
[IP6] Ross, C.T.
Oh, S.Y., Borgerhoff Mulder, M., Bowles, S., and Data Contributors. The
structuring of wealth inequality and its effect on polygygny: An explanation for the
decline of polygyny with the increasingly skewed distribution of inequality in agrarian
societies. Completed Draft.
[IP7] Ross, C.T.
, and Borgerhoff Mulder, M. Impacts of parental polygynous status over
children’s first 18 years of life in the Pimbwe: Analysis of longitudinal demographic data
using Gaussian Random Fields. Completed Draft.
[IP8]
Borgerhoff Mulder, M., and
Ross, C.T.
. Bateman’s gradient reversed in a human
population. Completed Draft.
[IP9] Ross, C.T.
Oh, S.Y., Borgerhoff Mulder, M., and Bowles, S. The polygyny threshold in
the context of rival and non-rival wealth. In Progress.
[IP10] Ross, C.T.
, Grote, M. and Winterhalder, B. A multi-level analysis of spatial and
temporal variation in Medieval English cereal yields with implications for models of
agrarian social development and resilience. In Progress.
[IP11] Ross, C.T.
, Grote, M. and Winterhalder, B. A time series Bayesian network linking
ecology, population, and political economy in agrarian England, 1280-1400. In Progress.
[IP12] Ross, C.T.
, Winterhalder, B., Kennett, D. Grote, M. and Bartruff, J. Ideal free pre-
historic settlement of the Northern Channel Islands: A spatially explicit analysis of
settlement patterning. In Progress.
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[IP13] Ross, C.T.
The rise and persistence of Somali piracy: An approach to policy rooted in
human behavioral ecological modeling. In Progress.
[IP14] Ross, C.T.
An econometeric analysis of wealth transmission from slaves to slave-owners
and the inter-generational persistence of injustice. In Progress.
[IP15]
Schacht, R. and
Ross, C.T.
. Partner preferences in the Makushi: A Bayesian
-1
regularization approach to analysis of multi-dimensional Likert-scale data. In Progress.
[IP16] Ross, C.T.
, and Joyas Campiño, P. Tranmisíon social de la modificacíon genital femenina
de la diaspora Africana a las poblaciones indigenas de Colombia? In Progress.
Professional Presentations
Papers and Invited Talks
2016
Borgerhoff Mulder, M., and
Ross, C.T.
, Gavrilets, S., et al. Assessing the adaptive
value of behavioural decisions: The case of polygyny in Mpimbwe. European Human
Behaviour and Evolution Association, London, U.K.
2016
Hooper, P.L.,
Ross, C.T.
, Borgerhoff Mulder, M., Gavrilets, S., et al. How unequal is
reproduction in small-scale human societies?. European Human Behaviour and Evolution
Association, London, U.K.
2015 Ross, C.T.
Evolutionary demographic analysis of colonized Agta foragers undergoing
demographic transition. Department of Anthropology Colloquium, UC Davis.
2015 Ross, C.T.
Big data approaches to the study of human social learning: The cultural
evolution of Chess strategy. Inaugural presentation of the UC Davis Data Sciences
Workshop.
2015 Ross, C.T.
The polygyny puzzle: Addressing empirical challenges. Santa Fe Institute
Workshop on the Dynamics of Wealth Inequality and Family Structure.
2015 Ross, C.T.
Art is Offensive: Integrative art and social justice. UC Davis Leonardo Art
Science Evening Rendezvous.
2014 Ross, C.T.
Winterhalder, B., Puleston, C. Impacts of environmental variability and
food storage on the demography and development of agricultural societies. Evolutionary
Demography Society Meeting, Stanford.
2014 Ross, C.T.
, Borgerhoff Mulder, M., Winterhalder, B., Joyas Campino, P., Strimling, P.,
Lindenfors, P., and Ericksen, K. The evolutionary dynamics of female genital modification:
Origins, maintenance, and transmission. Human Behavior and Evolution Society. Natal,
Brazil.
2014 Ross, C.T.
, Joyas Campino, P., and Winterhalder, B. The social transmission of female
genital modification in Colombia. California Workshop on Evolutionary Social Sciences.
San Luis Obispo, California.
2012
Winterhalder, B., Puleston, C. and
Ross, C.T.
Household-level storage and population-
level consequences in a temperate zone, agrarian production system. Workshop on
Neolithic Technologies - Amerind Foundation, Dragoon, Arizona.
2009 Ross, C.T.
Land-use allocation and stakeholder concerns: Community conservation in
Limón, Costa Rica. Society for Applied Anthropology. Santa Fe, New Mexico.
4/7
2008 Ross, C.T.
Closed Doors: Assassinations and ‘altitude sickness. Southwestern Anthro-
pological Association. Fullerton, California.
Posters
2016
Hooper, P.L.,
Ross, C.T.
, Gavrilets, S., Borgerhoff Mulder, M. Human males have low
reproductive skew compared to other mammals: An analysis of new data from small-scale
human societies. American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Atlanta, Georgia.
2015 Ross, C.T.
and Frost, K. From data to models in conveying HIV/STD prevalence
information to the public: How multi-level models can be used to improve inference and
better ensure the anonymity of released information. MCMski, Lenzerheide, Switzerland.
2012 Ross, C.T.
, Ng, J., Trask, J.S., Smith, D.G., Buffalo, V.S., Fass, J., Lin, D. and
Kanthaswamy, S. Identifying and cataloguing human-rhesus macaque gene orthologs
using heterospecific SNPs. Poster. International Conference on Primate Genomics.
Houston, Texas.
2011 Ross, C.T.
The rise and persistence of Somali piracy: An approach to policy rooted
in human behavioral ecology. Poster. Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation.
Berkeley, California.
2010 Ross, C.T.
, Mas por Menos: Integrating prestige and social status into conservation
incentive programs. Poster. Human Behavior and Evolution Society. Eugene, Oregon.
2009 Ross, C.T.
, Land-use, profitability, and conservation in Limón, Costa Rica. Poster.
Society for Applied Anthropology. Santa Fe, New Mexico. (Second place in poster
competition).
Professional Experience
Teaching, Research, and Employment
2016-2018 Postdoctoral Fellow
, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig,
under Richard McElreath.
2014-2015 Postdoctoral Fellow
, Santa Fe Institute, New Mexico, under Sam Bowles and Monique
Borgerhoff Mulder.
2012-2014 Graduate Student Researcher
, Department of Anthropology, UC Davis, California,
under Bruce Winterhalder.
2010-2012 Teaching Assistant, Department of Anthropology, UC Davis, California.
2011-2012 Junior Specialist, Molecular Anthropology Laboratory, UC Davis, California.
2009-2010 Academic Tutor, University Learning Center, CSUF, California.
Data Analysis and Contract Work
2012-2013 Bayesian Analysis, BloodSource, Mather, CA.
Report for BloodSource: A descriptive and inferential statistical analysis of the BloodSource
donor base.
2011 Genetic Analysis, Molecular Anthropology Laboratory, UC Davis, California.
Report for Allergan Pharmaceuticals: An estimation of relatedness between two microencephalitic
long-tailed macaques.
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Anthropological Fieldwork
2014-2016 Colombia, Chocó, Riseralda, and Bogotá.
I am currently working on the design (and soon, implementation) of a longitudinal study of
ecological, demographic, developmental, behavioral, and cultural change among groups of Meztizos
and Afrocolombians on the border of the Cho and Riseralda departments in Colombia, as part
of the Max Planck Institute’s (MPI) “Long-form Research Program in Human Behavior, Ecology,
and Culture. My own interests concern trends in social network structure and inequality, but
the data produced in will contribute to a number of cross-cultural investigations organized via
MPI’s department of Human Behavior, Ecology, and Culture. Additionally, I am working on
a long-term a photodocumentary project about the political street art of Bogotá, which will
eventually be published as part of a collection of essays written by Colombian scholars and citizens.
This work will document both the shifting artistic landscape of Bogotá, and link images of these
works to background material on the historical context of, and personal testimonials about, the
themes discussed in the street art (e.g., forced displacements, war, ecological destruction, hope,
extrajudicial assassination, ecological beauty, inequality, colonialism, racism, brotherhood, and
revolution).
2012-2013 Colombia, Chocó and Riseralda.
I conducted a study on the social transmission of female genital modification from the Afrocolom-
bian population to specific indigenous groups.
2011-2012 Lebanon, Beirut.
I conducted a pilot study on ethnic tensions and the effects of collateral damage on attitudes
about the use of violence.
2010 Costa Rica, All regions.
I conducted fieldwork on environmental service payments, and the perceived value of non-monetary
incentives among land-owners of varying socioeconomic status.
Grants and Fellowships
2016-2017
Continued support for field research in Colombia. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary
Anthropology. (e100,000).
2016
Start up funds for field site in Colombia. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthro-
pology. (e50,000).
2014 Graduate Student Travel Award, Graduate Studies. UC Davis. ($1,000).
2012 EVOL Summer Research Award, Dept. of Anthropology. UC Davis. ($4,000).
2011 EVOL Summer Research Award, Dept. of Anthropology. UC Davis. ($3,537).
2009 Sadovszky International Research Award, Dept. of Anthropology, CSUF. ($300).
2011 Emeriti Memorial Award, Emeriti Association (2009), CSUF. ($600).
2011
Golden State Scholarshare Trust, Governor’s Scholarship Program (2004), State of
California. ($1,300).
Awards
2014
Dean’s Prize for Best Artwork (for Closed Doors: Assassinated Activists and Political
Prisoners), Interdisciplinary Graduate Symposium. UC Davis. ($1,000).
2013
Dean’s Prize for Best Artwork (for A Doorway Burned Open: Mohamed Bouazizi and
the Arab Spring), Interdisciplinary Graduate Symposium. UC Davis. ($1,000).
2010 Outstanding Individual Achievement Award, Lambda Alpha Honor Society.
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2010 Masters Thesis Award in Anthropology, Dept. of Anthropology, CSUF.
2009
Student Poster Competition 2nd Place (2009), The Society for Applied Anthropology.
($200).
Computer skills
Mathematical
R, Stan, bugs, jags, Mathematica
Data R, Excel
Typesetting L
A
T
E
X, Microsoft Office
Other html, Inkscape, Git
Languages
English Native speaker
Spanish Non-native speaker, fluent
Arabic Basic communication abilities
French Basic communication abilities
German Basic communication abilities
Portuguese Basic communication abilities
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